Animals From Australia

Australian Animal - Koala

Australian animals are some of the most fascinating, weird and unique creatures on the planet! Whether it's the iconic kangaroo, cuddly koala or quirky snapping turtle that breathes through its rear end, these animals are truly a wonder to behold. Have you heard of the headless chicken monster and the deadly box jellyfish, which are equally amazing? So, come and browse our extensive list of Australian animals below. Or use the convenient 'search' button above to find your favourite Australian native animal. Trust us, you won't be disappointed!


Australian Animal - kangaroo

The kangaroo is a large hopping marsupial with triangular upright body, deer-like head, two powerful hind legs, small forelimbs, and long, thick tails. Some can hop at speeds of 70kmh (45mph) and leap up to twice their body height. The kangaroo is the only animal that walks on five legs!

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Australian Animal - Platypus

The Platypus is a bizarre aquatic mammal with a bill like a duck, webbed feet like an otter, a tail like a beaver, and lays eggs like a lizard! But once the baby hatches, the mother feeds it milk like a mammal. The platypus has receptors in its bill that act like a radar to locate its prey underwater.

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Australian Animal - Koala

The Koala is a marsupial with thick fur, large fluffy ears, small eyes, a big flat nose, and no tail. It lives in the eucalyptus forest in eastern Australia and sleeps up to 20 hours a day. It has paws with opposable thumbs and padded feet to cling to trees. It is sometimes called a Koala Bear, but it is not a bear.

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Australian Animal - Quokka

The Quokka is a small hopping marsupial with an almost human-like smile, earning it the nickname “the world’s happiest animal”. It has a rounded body, greyish-brown fur, small ears and large dark eyes. Despite their friendly nature, quokkas should be treated with respect and caution.

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Australian Animal - Kookaburra

The Kookaburra is a stocky bird with a large head and a prominent beak. It has a loud and distinctive bird call that sounds like human laughter. Hence its other names, Laughing Kookaburra and Laughing Jackass. Kookaburras eat lizards, frogs, snakes and other small animals.

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Australian Animal - Blobfish

The Blobfish has a bulbous head, a large mouth and a soft jelly-like body which gives it buoyancy. In its deep-sea habitat, the blob fish looks like a typical bottom-dwelling fish. But out of the water, its body collapses into a gooey blob—giving it the title of the world’s ugliest animal.

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Australian Animal - Dingo

The Dingo is a medium-sized Australian wild dog with a lean, muscular body, yellow, red or black fur, pointed ears, and a bushy tail. It is an intelligent, opportunistic hunter and scavenger that is highly adaptable and survives in various environments. The Dingo is Australia's apex predator.

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Blue Tongue Lizard

Australian Animal - Blue tongued lizard

The Blue-tongued Lizard, also known as the Blue-tongued Skink, gets its name from its bright blue tongue, which it sticks out to scare off predators. It is an omnivorous slow-moving medium-sized lizard. It is a popular pet because of its docile nature and distinctive appearance.

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Australian Animal - Wombat

The Wombat is a solidly built burrowing herbivorous marsupial with coarse brown or black fur. It has short, powerful legs with strong claws for digging for food and tunnelling underground. Wombats walk slowly and grunt loudly if threatened. They do cube-shaped poop!

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Australian Animal - Echicha

The Echidna is a small dome-shaped mammal covered in sharp spines. It lays eggs like a reptile, but the mother feeds its young milk like a mammal! The echidna has a rubbery snout with highly sensitive electro-receptors for detecting prey. It uses its sticky tongue to catch ants and termites.

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Australian Animal - Cassowary

The cassowary, with its dagger-like claws and powerful kicks, is the most dangerous bird in the world. It is over 2m tall and weighs up to 59kg. Its body is covered with long, glossy black hair-like feathers, and it has no wings. The cassowary makes a deep, rumbling and booming sound.

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Australian Animal - Shark

The Shark has a streamlined body with a cartilaginous skeleton. It has sharp serrated teeth and a powerful jaw, making it an apex predator. It has an incredible sense of smell and can detect blood from kilometres away. It also has an organ called the lateral line, which senses vibrations in the water.

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Australian Animal - Emu

The Emu is a giant, flightless Australian bird with shaggy feathers, a small head, large eyes and a long, slender neck. It can run at 50kph for long distances. It is the second-largest bird in the world and has a deadly kick which can cause serious injury to a human if provoked.

Read More about Emus

Tasmanian Devil

Tasmanian Devil

The Tasmanian Devil is a muscular marsupial about the size of a small dog. It is known by this name because of its blood-curdling screams, eerie growls, black colour, foul odour and aggressive behaviour. It is the world's largest carnivorous marsupial and prefers to eat dead animals.

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Box Jellyfish

Australian Animal - Box Jellyfish

Box jellyfish are the most venomous animals in the world. Its sting can kill a human in less than 4 minutes. They are pale blue and hardly visible. They get their name from their four-sided box-like shape. Its has long tentacles lined with thousands of deadly stinging cells called nematocysts

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Australian Animal - Crocodile

Salt-water crocodiles are ferocious amphibious, carnivorous reptiles with scaly skin and a broad snout crammed with pointed teeth. They are one of the deadliest predators on earth. Crocodiles live in warm and temperate climates in freshwater rivers, estuaries, and creeks.

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Red Bellied Black Snake

Australian Animal - Red-bellied Black Snake

The Red-bellied Black Snake is a sleek, venomous snake with a shiny black upper body, a red belly and sides. It is carnivorous, eating small animals. It has small hollow syringe-like venom-injecting fangs. It accounts for 16% of all snake bites in Australia, but its venom is rarely fatal to humans.

Read More about Red-belled Snakes

Tasmanian Tiger

Australian Animal - Tasmanian Tiger

The Tasmanian Tiger, also known as the Thylacine, was a carnivorous marsupial that looked like a yellowish-brown dog with a stiff tail and dark stripes on its back. Humans caused its extinction at the start of the 20th century by hunting, habitat destruction and introducing diseases.

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Redback Spider

Australian Animal - Red Back Spider

The Redback Spider is the second most dangerous spider in the world. Females, which are deadly, have black pea-shaped bodies with a red stripe on top of their bodies. The male is tiny and harmless is often eaten by the female after mating. A bite from a female redback spider can kill a human.

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Australian Animal - Rock Wallaby

Wallabies are small to medium-sized hopping marsupials with compact legs and short forelimbs. They are almost identical to kangaroos but are smaller, have more fur, and live in wooded and rocky environments. Wallabies eat leaves and flowers, ferns, moss, and even insects.

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Australian Animal - Bushtail Possum

Possums are nocturnal arboreal marsupials. They range in size from the tiny pygmy possum, which is 70mm to the brushtail possum a meter in length. They have soft, silver-grey fur, dark orange to dark brown in colour. They have excellent night vision, hearing, and a sense of smell.

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Sugar Glider

Australian Animal - Sugar Glider

The Sugar Glider is a tiny, nocturnal marsupial that loves sugary foods and glides through the air like a tiny paraglider. It has soft, grey fur, large eyes and ears and a bushy tail for gliding. It is a popular pet due to its small size, playful nature, and ability to bond with humans.

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Funnel Web Spider

Australian Animal - Funnel-web Spider

The Sydney funnel-web is the deadliest and most aggressive spider in the world. Its bite can kill a human in 15 minutes.   The funnel web spider builds a funnel-shaped web. Its diet consists of crawling insects such has beetles, cockroaches, snails and small animals.

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Eastern Brown Snake

Australian Animal - Eastern Brwon Snake

Eastern brown snakes are the second most venomous snake in the world and responsible for the most snakebite fatalities in Australia. They have slender bodies brown, tan or burnt orange in colour. They feeds on vertebrates, frogs, lizards, birds, mammals, and eggs.

Read about Eastern Brown Snakes

Black Swan

Australian Animal - Black Swan

The Black Swan is a large water bird with striking black plumage, a long neck, and a red bill. It makes high-pitched musical bugle-like sounds. The Black swan is omnivorous, feeding on aquatic plants, insects, and small animals. The term "black swan event" is named after these birds.

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Australian Animal - Antechinus

Antechinuses are mouse-like marsupials with short, stiff fur that is grey, brown, black, or golden. They are ferocious hunters, preying on insects and small animals. They have a suicidal oversexed sexual behaviour. Antechinuses live on the east coast of Australia.

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Headless Chicken Monster

Australian Animal - Headless Chicken Monster

The Headless Chicken Monster is a bioluminescent deep-sea swimming sea cucumber. It gets its nickname because it sometimes looks like a decapitated chicken. It is also called the Spanish dancer because of its graceful swimming movements. It has a soft body with sticky, transparent skin.

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Great Barrier Reef

Australian Animal - Great Barrier Reef

The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest and most spectacular coral reef, with a diverse range of underwater animals. It comprises 2,900 coral reefs and 600 idyllic islands and is over 2,300lm long. The Great Barrier Reef is estimated to be 6,000 to 8,000 years old.

Read about Great Barrier Reef

Frilled Lizard

Australian Animal - Frilled Dragon

The frilled lizard is a tree-dwelling lizard that ruffles out its scaly red and yellow frill to scare off predators. If this display doesn't scare off an attacker, it runs away quickly. It is about a meter in length and weighs about half a kilo. The frilled lizard eats insects, and smaller lizards, and mammals.

Read about Frilled Lizards

Red Kangaroo

Australian Animal - Kangaroo

The red kangaroo is the largest marsupial and the largest hopping animal in the world. It has a muscular body with large, powerful hind legs and a prominent tail. It can hop at over 60kph. Each hop covering up to 9 meters. They live in the arid and semi-arid parts of the Australian Outback.

Read about Red Kangaroos


Australian Animal - Stonefish

Reef stonefishes are the most venomous fish in the world. Spines along their backs inject highly toxic venom and intensely painful venom. They camouflage themselves to blend effortlessly into their environment. It eats other fish and bottom-dwelling invertebrates.

Read about Stonefish

Thorny Devil

Thorny Devil

The Thorny Devil's body is covered in sharp conical spines, two large horns, and a fake head on the back of its neck. Besides its spiky defences, it can also alter the colours and patterns on its skin to blend into its surroundings. It is about 20cm in length and eats black ants.

Read about Thorny Devils

Mimic Octopus

Australian Animal - Mimic Octopus

The mimic octopus is a master of disguises. It can change its appearance by imitating many dangerous sea creatures to frighten away predators. The mimic octopus lives in shallow, murky waters. It eats worms, crustaceans, and small fish. It also indulges in cannibalism.

Read about Mimic Octopuses

Greater Bilby

Australian Animal - Greater Bilby

Greater bilbies are small, nocturnal, omnivorous marsupials with rabbit-like ears and pointy pink snouts. They have muscular forearms and claws for digging their burrows and uncovering buried food.

Read about Greater Bilbies


Australian Animal - Cuttlefish

Cuttlefish are cephalopods and are related to squid and octopus. They experts at using colour, shape, and texture for camouflage. As a result, they can put on spectacular colour and light displays.

Read about Cuttlefish

Corroboree Frog

Australian Animal - Corroboree Frog

Corroboree frogs are highly poisonous amphibians with striking yellow and black longitudinal markings. These frogs walk rather than hop like most other frogs. There may be as few as 50 left in the wild.

Read about Corroboree Frogs

Marsupial Mole

Australian Animal - Marsupial Mole

Marsupial moles literally swim underground through the sand. They have no eyes or ears and have a bony shield to protect their noses. They are probably one of the most unusual and least understood animals in the world.

Read about Marsupial Moles

Swift Parrot

Australian Animal - Swift Parrot

Swift parrots, also known as the Red-faced or Red-shouldered Parrot, are small green and yellow birds with long pointed wings. These noisy birds are the fastest parrots in the world. There are only 2,000 left in the wild.

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Gouldian Finch

Australian Animal - Gouldian Finch

Gouldian finches are beautifully coloured grass finches. They were once found by the millions but are nearly extinct in the wild. Gouldian finches feed on both ripe and partially-ripe grass seeds.

Read about Gouldian Finches


Australian Animal - Numbat

Numbats are small termite-eating marsupials. They are sometimes called Banded Anteaters or Marsupial Anteaters. They weigh about 700 grams and forage for termites during the daylight.

Read about Numbats

Leadbeater's Possum

Australian Animal - Leadbeater's Possum

Leadbeater's possums scamper along branches in the high forest canopy and leap gracefully from one tree to another. They are extremely rare.

Read about Leadbeater's possums

Spotted Quoll

Spotted Quoll

Spotted Tailed Quolls are the size of a large cat. They have many sharp little teeth. They are the second-largest carnivorous marsupial.

Read about Spotted Quolls

Gilbert's potoroo

Australian Animal - Gilbert's Potoroo

The Gilbert's potoroo is the world's rarest marsupial. It has long front limbs with craved claws with which its digs underground fungi (truffles).

Read about Gilbert's potoroos


Australian Animal - Dugong

Dugongs are plant-eating marine mammals. Because of their sleek appearance and large teats, ancient sailors thought they were mermaids.

Read about Dugongs

Brushtail Possum

Australian Animal - Bushtail Possum

The brushtail possum is a semi-arboreal nocturnal marsupial. It has a bushy prehensile tail, which it uses to grasp onto branches.

Read about Brushtail Possums


Australian Animal - Bandicoot

Bandicoots are small omnivorous marsupials with pointy snouts, large hind feet, and hop. There are 20 species of bandicoots in Australia.

Read about Bandicoots

Night Parrot

Australian Animal - Night Parrot

Night Parrots are small ground-dwelling nocturnal parrots. They are the world's most mysterious and elusive birds. Only about 250 survive.

Read about Night Parrots

Giant Clam

Australian Animal - Giant Clam

The Giant clam is the world’s largest sessile mollusc. It can grow up to 1.5 meters and weigh 230 kilos. It has large protruding blue iridescent lips.

Read about Giant Clams

Ringtail Possum

Australian Animal - Ring-tail Possum

The Ringtail possum is a small arboreal, nocturnal marsupial that holds its tail in a tight coil. It has two thumbs on each front paw.

Read about Ringtail Possums

Tawny Frogmouth

Australian Animal - Twany Frogmouth

The Tawny Frogmouth is a nocturnal insect hunter that looks like an owl. It camouflages itself by fluffing its feathers to look like a tree stump.

Read about Tawny Frogmouths

Musky Rat-Kangaroo

Australian Animal - Musky rat-kangaroo

The Musky rat-kangaroo is the smallest macropod and the only kangaroo that doesn't hop. As its name suggests, it looks like a rat and has a musky smell.

Read about Musky Rat-Kangaroos


Australian Animal - Clownfish

Clownfish come in various colours and usually have vertical bands across their bodies. They live amongst poisonous sea anemones.

Read about Clownfish

Tree Kangaroo

Australian Animal - Tree Kangaroo

Tree kangaroos live in trees. They climb by wrapping their forelimbs around a tree and hopping up with their powerful hind legs.

Read about Tree Kangaroos

Snapping Turtle

Australian Animal - White-throated Snapping Turtle

The White-throated Snapping Turtle breathes through its bum, yes its anus, and it can remain submerged for days. It's about 45cm and can live to over 100 years.

Read about Snapping Turtles

Stick Nest Rat

Australian Animal - Stick Nest Rat

The white-tipped-stick-nest-rat lived in central Australia. It built its nest of sticks, which it added to over the years, making a huge nesting mound.

Read about Stick Nest Rats

Antilopine Kangaroo

Australian Animal - Antilopine Kangaroo

The antilopine kangaroo is the only kangaroo that lives entirely in the tropics. It has a face that looks like that of an antelope, hence its name.

Read about Antilopine Kangaroos

Sea Anemone

Australian Animal - Sea Anemone

Sea anemones are small marine invertebrates closely related to coral and jellyfish. They catch prey with their venomous tentacles.

Read about Sea Anemones


Australian Animal - Fairy Penguin

Fairy Penguins are the smallest penguin species in the world. It goes fishing during the day and eats small fish and crustaceans.

Read about Penguins

Lesser Bilby

Australian Animal - Lesser Billby

The lesser bilby was a small omnivorous marsupial that became extinct in 1950 due to rabbits and predators such as feral cats and foxes.

Read about Lesser Bilbies


Australian Animal - Woylie

The woylie is a nocturnal marsupial with a long tail which it wraps around a bundle of nesting material and transports it home.

Read about Woylie

Flying Fox (Bat)

Australian Animal - Flying Fox

Flying Foxes are relatively large flying herbivorous mammals. Most do not use echolocation but instead rely on their keen sight.

Read about Flying Foxes

Cockatoo Parrot

Australian Animal - Cockatoo

The Sulphur-crested Cockatoo is a very noisy large white parrot with a large yellow crest that it fans out. It eats berries, seeds, nuts and roots.

Read about Cockatoos

Blue-Ringed Octopus

Australian Animal - Blue-ringed Octopus

The blue-ringed octopus bite is painless and may go unnoticed. However, its toxin acts quickly. Death may occur in as little as 30 minutes.


Tiger Snake

Australian Animal - Tiger Snake

Tiger snakes are large, aggressive snakes responsible for the second-highest number of bites in Australia. Their venom is neurotoxic.



Australian Animal - Goana

The goanna is the largest lizard in Australia and the fourth-largest in the world. If threatened, it whips its tail, bites, and claws its victim.



Australian Animal - Dolphine

Dolphins are very vocal, playful, intelligent, and social animals that live in groups of up to 15. They feed on invertebrates, fish, and squid.



Australian Animal - Parrot

Australia has 56 species of colourful parrots. It has two-thirds of the world’s cockatoos and around one-eighth of the world’s parrots.


Sea Lion

Australian Animal - Sea Lion

Australian sea lions have stocky bodies, a large head, and short narrow flippers. The male is twice as large as the female. They hunt fish and squid.


Red-eyed Tree Frog

Australian Animal - Red-eyed Tree Frog

Red-eye tree frogs live in Australian rainforests and wetlands. They are nocturnal hunters that feed on moths and insects.


Rakali (Water Rat)

Australian Animal - Rakali

The Rakali, a semi-aquatic native placental mammal, lives in burrows on the banks of rivers. It eats insects, fish, crustaceans, snails, and frogs.



Australian Animal - Taipan snake

Taipans are large, fast-moving snakes. They are some of the most venomous snakes in the world but prefer to avoid confrontation with humans.


Peacock Mantis Shrimp

Australian Animal - Peacock Mantis Shrimp

Peacock mantis shrimps have the fastest punch in the world, creating small implosions in the water that generates heat, light, and sound.



Australian Animal - Handfish

Handfish prefer to walk on their pectoral and pelvic fins rather than swim. They live at depths of 5-40m and eat crustaceans and worms.


Red-fronted Parakeet

Australian Animal - Red-fronted Parakeet

Red-fronted parakeets were quite common till about 1879. They became extinct because of hunting by humans and as a result of the feral cat.



Australian Animal - Whale

Humpback whales travel up from the Antarctic to give birth and feed their young. They can grow to 12 – 16 metres and weigh 36,000 kgs.


Plains Wanderer

Plains Wanderer

Plains wanderers are small quail-like birds that live in semi-arid grasslands. They prefer to run rather than fly and fall easy prey to foxes.


Loggerhead Turtle

Australian Animal - Loggerhead Turtle

Loggerhead Turtles are the largest hard-shelled turtles in the world. They are carnivorous, feeding on shellfish, crabs, sea urchins, and jellyfish.


Eastern Bettong

Australian Animal - Eastern Bettong

The eastern bettong became extinct on the mainland in the 1920s as the result of the introduction of the red fox and rabbit.


Lion Fish

Australian Animal - Lion fish

Lion fish has zebra-like stripes and venomous spines. A sting from a spine can be very painful but not fatal to humans.


Gastric-brooding Frog

Australian Animal - Gastric-brooding Frog

Gastric-brooding frogs incubated their babies in the mother's stomach. They became extinct in the mid-1980s due to a pathogenic fungus spread by humans.


Green Turtle

Australian Animal - Green Turtle

Green turtles feed on seagrasses. They also eat the venomous box jellyfish. They get their name from the colour of their fat.


Mandarin Fish

Australian Animal - Mandarin Fish

The exotic mandarin fish has no scales for protection. Instead, it is covered in smelly toxic mucus and spines to deter predators.


Textile Cone

Australian Animal - Textile Cone

The Textile Cone's harpoon-like tooth can pierce the skin, rubber gloves and wetsuits. Its venom causes respiratory paralysis and eventual death.


Leatherback Turtle

Australian Animal - Leatherback Turtle

It is the largest turtle of them all. It is called a leatherback because it doesn't have a hard shell but has leathery skin. It eats jellyfish and invertebrates.


Australian Wildlife Australian Fauna

world map with australia highlighted

Photo: world map with Australia highlighted

Animals of Australia are some of the most unique wildlife on Earth. An astonishing 69% of its mammal species, 93% of reptiles, 94% of amphibians, 46% of birds, and 96% of invertebrates are found only in Australia. The exceptional uniqueness of Australia's fauna is the result of its prolonged geographic isolation from the rest of the world. For millions of years, Australia remained isolated from neighbouring landmasses, preventing the influx of new animal species. Consequently, the resident wildlife underwent distinct evolutionary changes, adapting to the country's arid and challenging environment in splendid isolation.

Starting from about 5,000 years ago, humans have brought many new animal species to Australia. For example, the dingo was brought to Australia by ancient seafarers about 5,000 years ago. Then, starting from 1788, European settlers introduced many other animals such as cattle, sheep, camels, and rabbits. These animals are certainly not native to Australia and are referred to as Introduced Australian Animals.

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